The lowly, unglamorous best sphygmomanometer or blood pressure cuff is the quiet workhorse of the doctor’s office, clinic, or hospital. It measures a person’s blood pressure. The word, sphygmomomanometer comes from the Greek “sphygmos” (pulse) and the scientific term manometer (pressure meter.) This medical device was invented in 1881 by Samuel Siegfried Karl Ritter von Basch, an Austrian physician.
The sphygmomanometer has worked very simply from it’s invention to the present. It is made up of a closeable arm band with an inflatable bladder, with a tube leading to a bulb used as a pump. The bulb has a stopper valve so air will not escape prematurely. There are many variations in the best sphygomanometers models but the basic function is the same. The idea is to block the blood flow in the arm and to check the readings when the air is slowly released to measure the pressures.
The blood pressure, simply stated, is the stress placed on the walls of the blood vessels and the heart chambers by the flow of blood. The arterial pressure, measured by the best sphygmomanometer is a measure of how much blood the heart pumps and the resistance in the arteries. The Mayo Clinic lists a normal blood pressure as 120/80. No one has that reading every time a reading is taken.
Many factors effect a blood pressure like: time of day, level of exercise, stress level, many diseases and some medications. In a normal, healthy person, when the blood vessels are constricted such as: after a cup of coffee, a stressful situation or physical activity, the pressure in the vessels will be higher. In a relaxed state with the heart beating slowly and the blood vessels dilated such as after a nap or a quiet evening at home, the pressure in the vessels should be lower. A single high blood pressure reading is not a disease. It takes a series of high readings to determine if a patient has hypertension.
Top 10 Best Sphygmomanometer Comparison